Archive for December, 2011

December 6, 2011

Feedback Notes from Presentation

Scott Townsend

  • Try not to be too broad
  • Pick a particular context
  • Ground it to speculate productively
  • If you don’t narrow, who it will be, it will just be an idea without being useful for someone

Santiago Piedrafita

  • What type of work are you talking about?
  • Be critical to what you have been describing
  • “Time Sharing” bares relevance in this study, but not scalable to other parts of the world
  • Providing more specific context could help frame your questions more concretely
  • Our current understanding of time is arguably in a third period in which the concept of time is becoming more abstracted by communication tools
  • A third place… we no longer think of time in an agrarian way, or in reference to out bodies, or in a 9-5 way. We are in a different place… [Side thoughts: wormhole, working despite time, phases of work-designers which don’t account for time, different work models suggested by Denise]

Haig Khachatoorian

  • Contrast different concepts of time from different cultures
  • Respect for time is eroded by technology
  • Time is not just a commodity, it is monetized
  • No boundaries, formalism of what time used to mean is broken down
  • How do individuals make decisions vs. what systems (technology) wants/affords

Sharon Joines

  • What about people who are physically present but not there (eg: family dinner with a bluetooth)
  • Transition time is something some people need between work-nonwork
  • What happens when a person’s behavior and commitments are not matching up

My response: The sharing aspect incorporates possibility for accountability, the model acts as something to mediate a conversation b/w family members or loved ones. Even to act as an artifact/model/example one person could pass on to another person. Also I am not sure the purpose is to create behavior modification, but allow the opportunity for awareness and criticality which could result in behavior modification.

Tim Buie

December 6, 2011

Semester Final Review: Thesis Preparation Presentation


Click here to download the PDF of my proposal.

Presentation Slides:

Presentation Video:

This video does not document the whole presentation, but most of it. Thank you to ID Master’s student Mike Falk who recorded it…

Transcript for Presentation:

Hello,{Slide 1}
My name is Alexandria. My committee consists of Denise, Scott, and Martha.

I am interested in how generations and cultures have sought to represent time. I am wondering how this representation informs a person’s concept of time and the relationship that has to someone’s values and commitments. I am particularly interested in this idea with regards to how this affects someones’ ability to manage their work and non-work commitments.

{Slide 2} So to put that in thesis language I have crafted this introductory question for myself…. How can an instrument of time incorporate the metaphor “time as a container for meaning” in order to reduce work-nonwork conflict?

When I say instrument of time, I am referring to any tool which might help someone mark manage or measure time. {Slide 3} This encompasses a broad range of artifacts… including anything from a church bell, to an i-cal, the watch on your wrist or something larger and more experiential such as stonehenge, which some historians assume was constructed for astrological observations.

{Slide 4} The metaphor time as a container for meaning is discussed in the article “Work-Nonwork Conflict and the Phenomenology of Time” by Thompson and Bunderson, two researchers in organizational behavior and ethics. In this article they are challenging a metaphor which is commonly mentioned: the idea of balancing time, or time as a balancing act. They explain that while this emphasizes the quantitative aspect of time, it overlooks our subjective experience of time. {Slide 5} They pose the metaphor time as a container of meaning as a way to recognize the finite nature of time while emphasizing the qualitative aspect of time. This provides a different framework for us to be aware of the nature of how we spend our time, and what significance that might have to our identity and values.

{Slide 6} Lastly, the concept of work-non work conflict has been studied at length within many fields including human resources, psychology, sociology, organizational and behavioral science. Some other terms which researchers have used which relate to this concept include work non work dichotomy, work- life integration or flexibility, and work-life boundary management. {Slide 7} I chose the term Work-nonwork conflict to following suit with the Thomson & Bunderson article as well as this model developed by Joseph E. Champoux. So Work-Nonwork conflict can be thought of the tension that comes about when someone has problems attending to the roles and commitments within these 2 domains. Work, and everything else thats not work.

{Slide 8} There are three subquestions guiding my study.
1. I am interested in how an instrument might help someone negotiate identity affirming activities and identity discrepant activities and how this could be done through multiple modes.
{Slide 9} This idea of identity affirming and discrepant activities is outlined in your handout and following the meaning based model for work non work conflict as defined by Thompson and Bunderson
{Slide 10} 2. I want to understand how the formal qualities or structure of an instrument of time might reflect the time as a container of meaning metaphor or in other words replace or compliment the time as a balancing act metaphor?
{Slide 11} 3. Lastly, I am wondering how people might share this instrument or parts of this instrument in order to connect with others.
{Slide 12} My next steps are simple. Talking to you. I want feedback. Continuing to read from my chosen sources in particular the selected bibliography in the handout. And also conducting an audit. This audit will consider the qualitative and quantitative characteristics in existing instruments of time.
{Slide 13} So with all that said. Lets talk. I would like to hear your thoughts today. But am always interested in longer conversation or feedback. and You can contact me or follow my progress on my blog at